The mountainous regions of the Middle Atlas reach heights of up to 3200m in the most northern part around the Jebel bou Iblane and have the most severe climate in Morocco during the winter.
Thus the region’s rugs have a high pile height of up to four centimetres with a course structure executed either in a symmetric or a Berber knot.
In the north-eastern part, white (or cream) ground carpets dominate among the tribes of the Beni Ouarain confederation, the Beni Alaham, the Marmoucha and the Ait Seghrouchène. This tradition of white (or cream) ground carpets also seems to have existed among the Ait Youssi, Beni Mguild, Zemmour and Guerrouane from the central and western part of the Middle Atlas but apparently vanished in the early 20th century .
Beginning in the 19th century and developing quickly during the time of the French protectorate, carpets with a dominant red field set up a new style in a movement from west to east. Therefore within the Zemmour, Guerrouane, Ait Sgougou and Zayan red is the dominant colour of 20th century carpets, while the ones of the Beni Mguild and Beni Mtir tend to have a darker appearance with a significantly high amount of dark blue in older examples :